Earthing® - FAQ

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Earthing® basics

Initial Effects of Earthing®

Earthing® and Health

Which Product?

In the Car

With Computers

Product Sizes

Materials, Life and Laundering

Laundering and Cleaning

Product Connections

Product Testing

Product Safety

Usage approaches and optimising the connection

Earthing and E’smog Protection

How are Earthing® devices different from other approaches?

Other approaches to Earthing®



Earthing® basics

Q: In an age when there are so many discoveries and health-related technologies emerging every
     day, why do you think the concept of Earthing is so profound? 
A: What is most profound about Earthing® is that it is so natural and simple, and that it affects every
      aspect of human physiology. When you ground yourself, the entire body readjusts to a new level of
      functioning, the level, in fact, it seems to have been designed for throughout evolution. Many
      people who have lived Earthed for some years say that they do not want to go back to living
      ungrounded. They feel the difference. Living Earthed broadly elevates your quality of life to a level  
      that seems not otherwise possible. James Oschman, Ph.D., an internationally-renowned expert on
      energy medicine and a member of our board of advisors, describes the phenomenon thusly:
      “Recently I attended a meeting on the East coast. One of my colleagues came in from the West
      coast. She had a bad case of jet lag. I told her to take her shoes and socks off and step outside on
      the grass for 15 minutes. When she came back in, she was completely transformed. Her jet  lag was  
      gone. That is how fast Earthing works. Anyone can try this. If you don’t feel well, for  whatever
      reason, just make barefoot contact with the Earth for a few minutes and see what happens. Of
      course, if you have a medical problem, you should see a doctor. There is nothing that comes close
      to Earthing for quick relief. You can literally feel pain draining from your body the instant you touch
      the Earth.”
Q: What is the difference between the Earth’s electric field and the electric field used to conduct
     electricity in our homes? 
A: The Earth’s electric field is mainly a continuous direct current (DC) producing field. Throughout
      history, life on the planet has attuned our biology to this subtle field. By comparison, home wiring
      systems in the U.S. use 60-cycle per second alternating current (AC). Unless at very low frequency
      (less that 10 cycles per second) and/or low power, alternating current is foreign to our biology. This, 
      and other forms of man-made environmental electromagnetic fields (EMFs) are being researched
      as factors in a variety of stress-related responses. Many people are sensitive to EMFs. Studies
      show an “association,” but not cause and effect, between living near power lines (or exposure to
      EMFs on the job) and higher rates of health problems, such as childhood leukemia, brain 
      tumors, certain cancers, birth defects and miscarriages.
Q: Why does the Earth’s electric field transfer so easily to the body? 
A: The body is mostly water and minerals. It is an excellent conductor of electricity (electrons). The free 
     electrons on the surface of the Earth are easily transferred to the human body as long as there is
     direct contact. Unfortunately, synthetically-soled shoes act as insulators so that even when we are  
     outside we do not connect with the Earth’s electric field. When we are in homes and office buildings,  
     we are also insulated and unable to receive the Earth’s balancing energies.

Earthing® and Health

Please note that none of the statements made here constitute medical advice in any way or any claim for cure or treatment of any medical condition. Always consult with your personal physician regarding any personal health care issues. 
Thermal imagery

During 2004-05, Dr. William Amalu, President of the International Academy of Clinical Thermography, conducted extensive research (20 studies) with the Earthing technology 3. This demonstrated dramatic and rapid improvement of inflamma­tion, pain reduction, increased range of motion, restoration of function, and improved sleep. Thermal imaging shows a reduction of inflammation after only minutes of Earthing.

49-year-old female with chronic neck and upper back pain, restless legs during sleep, and waking stiff and sore. After 4 nights of sleeping on an E’sheet 65% reduction in pain, a 75% reduction in rest­less legs during sleep, and an 80% reduction in waking stiff and sore. Steady continued improvement during the next 6 weeks. The top row images are of the upper extremities taken as a baseline on 4-11-05 (prior to ETT use). The arrows denote the areas of poor circulation. The temperature of the left hand is so low that the fingers are at the same temperature as the room and cannot be seen (thermal amputation). The bottom row images were taken on 4-15-05 after 4 nights of sleeping on the ETT system. Note the significant improvement in circulation with a return of normal thermal symmetry in both upper extremities.

Q: How does Earthing affect the body’s ability to heal? 
A: The simplest explanation is that aches and pains and other disturbances in our bodies are often
     caused by inflammation. Electrons from the Earth have natural anti-inflammatory effects and are
     conducted relatively quickly throughout the body, which is a good conductor. One of the most profound
     discoveries in modern biomedicine is that many of the chronic and debilitating diseases of our time
     have the same cause: chronic inflammation. Scientists now realize that many of our aches and
     pains arise from small regions in the body where an inflammatory response has taken place, but the
     inflammation has not completely stopped after the healing process. A low level of chronic
     inflammation can continue for years, damaging normal tissues and wasting energy. 
     Many scientists believe that the human immune system evolved over a long span of time during
     which we were in virtually constant barefoot contact with the Earth. We believe that the immune  
     system began functioning less efficiently as humans increasingly separated themselves from the
     Earth. One recent example is the advent of shoes with insulating soles about 50 years ago. Chronic
     disease, inflammation, and insomnia have skyrocketed ever since and the loss of connection with
     the Earth may be one totally overlooked cause. 
Q: In your clinical studies, the physiological effects of Earthing have been almost immediate. Can
     you explain this? 
A: The body is a good conductor of free electrons. It is a repeated observation that Earthing produces
      beneficial effects very rapidly. When people are grounded through the feet (either by standing
      barefoot on the Earth or via grounded EKG patches in experiments), they sometimes feel a tingling
      sensation moving up the legs. We associate this with the apparent movement of electrons up into
      the body. In our research, we have “clocked” the speed of this activity. We figure it takes about 20 to
      30 minutes to reach sites of pain and inflammation and then begin neutralizing the inflammation.
     When a study participant says that pain has started to ease we regard this as a sign that the
     electrons have arrived at the pain site and have started to “go to work.” Electrons may even be  
     attracted to those sites because of they have a negative charge and free radicals, involved 
     in the inflammatory process, have a positive charge. Once the free radicals are neutralized, we    
     hypothesize that they stop their destructive actions on healthy tissues, leading to an abatement of
     pain, sometimes quite fast. We also think that as soon as a person comes in direct contact with the
     Earth the electrons inside the body “feel” the effect of the ground potential through the Earth’s
     electric field. We discuss this—the so-called “straw-bead” effect—in Appendix B of our “Earthing”
     book. The body settles and equalizes electrically to the ground potential almost instantaneously.
     The information that a new potential has been established in the body is transmitted, also almost  
     instantaneously, to the autonomic nervous system which then responds by “adjusting” electrical
     activities throughout the body. Muscle tension and skin conductance, and maybe also brain waves,  
     are adjusted in a few seconds at the most.
Q: Earthing can improve quality of life, but what about aging? If stress causes premature aging, do  
     you think we can add years to our lives by reconnecting with the Earth? 
A: We don't know the answer to that question, however Earthing looks promising as a powerful anti-
      aging strategy. Many researchers have documented the deterioration of the immune system as we
      age. The name for this is immunosenescence. A prominent medical theory states that one of the
      causes of general deterioration during aging is free radical damage, technically known as oxidative  
      stress, and resulting in injury to cells. Since Earthing greatly reduces oxidative stress it is expected
      to increase life expectancy and improve health. There is no question that maintaining a functionally
     “young” immune system is an excellent strategy for preserving the quality of life and slowing
Q: How many minutes or hours a day do I need to be grounded in order to feel results?
A: When you come in direct contact with the Earth there is an immediate and natural shift in your body.
      We have measured these in the laboratory and the changes point to the body functioning better.
      People with pain often feel relief in varying degrees—from a little to a lot, and to even
      disappearance of the pain—just by planting their bare feet on the ground outside for a half hour or
      so twice a day. Sleeping grounded through the night produces many beneficial results, such as
      better and deeper sleep, more energy during the day, and less pain. Again, the degree of benefits
      run from slight to dramatic, from immediate to gradual. Some chronically ill people benefit from  
      additional grounding hours during the day, such as by being barefoot or using an Earthing mat or
      body band. From the thousands of cases that Clint Ober and others have observed over the past
      decade, the more severe the health problem the more dramatic the improvement seen with
      grounding in general, unless someone is dying. Even in end-of-life cases associated with pain, it
      has been reported that the dying person is generally in less pain. 
Q: How long does it take to relieve my symptoms? 
A: Everybody is different and symptoms are different with different causes. Earthing does not cure
     anything. Contact with the Earth helps restores the body’s natural electrical balance and reduces
     stress and inflammation. By doing these things, Earthing can have both short-term and long-term
     effects, and sometimes quite dramatic and quick. We have had many reports of improved sleep and
     decreased stress after only one or two nights of sleeping grounded. If the cause of sleep difficulties  
     is long-term insomnia with underlying health issues, improvement often takes more time. 
      Medical thermal imaging has shown decreased inflammation in minutes. In a study conducted by
      the California Institute for Human Science instantaneous changes in brain waves and muscle
      tension were documented when the Earth connection was introduced.Clearly, lasting changes in
      stress, sleep, pain and body rhythms occur when we are connected to the Earth for longer
      segments of time on a repeated basis. Nighttime sleep, when the body is most receptive to healing,
      is the most beneficial time. In a general sense, just as you can’t direct healthy food, air, or water to
      create specific desired results in one function or part of your body, the body takes in the natural \  
      energy of the Earth and uses it as needed. You may experience benefits for certain issues you
      were not even expecting improvements in and there may be no change in other areas. Generally,    
      the longer you use Earthing, the more benefits and vitality that become apparent. 
Q: I feel better when I sleep grounded. What happens if I stop sleeping grounded? 
A: We have heard from many people over the years who experienced relief and improvements and
     then stopped Earthing. Their gains began eroding. We advise people to make Earthing part of a
     healthy lifestyle routine and keep grounding themselves. Don’t stop. We all evolved connected to  
     the Earth. Staying connected may be the difference between feeling good and feeling bad. Earthing
     is not just for regaining well-being, but also for maintaining it.
Q: I just started sleeping grounded and feel a bit strange. What could that be from? 
A: Initially, some people may feel some temporary discomfort or even flu-like signs, pain or achiness.
      In practically all cases, this experience is fleeting. This effect stems from a normalization of the  
      body’s “electrical system.” As that process gets underway, the body’s ability to release  
      accumulated toxicity may improve and you could feel that as transient discomfort. Typically, after
      some initial adjustment, those individuals start feeling better and more energized. The feeling
      might last a few days at the most but it will go away. If you are uncomfortable, stop using the device
      for several days and then begin again. In the majority of cases, no discomfort is felt at the 
Q: Are there people who sleep grounded and don’t feel anything, or for whom grounding doesn’t
A: Everybody benefits in some way, but we are all different. The benefits can come quickly and  
     dramatically, such as less pain and better sleep, or subtly and gradually over time. Often people  
     who are very ill feel the difference more dramatically. Someone with radiant health and who sleeps
     well may not feel any difference, however, connecting to the Earth is helping to preserve and
     perpetuate the precious commodity of good health. We regard Earthing as a natural form of anti-    
     aging medicine, whether you feel it or not.
Q: I purchased a bed sheet and noticed tingling in my feet for the first few nights. Should I be
A: Many people feel tingling in the beginning. It’s a sign that the circulation is improving. 
Q: I’ve got pain. How can this help me? 
A: Go outside and stand, sit, or walk on the ground barefoot for at least a half hour or so. In that time
     you may notice that your pain is less. We believe this effect comes from the electrons that flow into
     your body from the Earth. Inside the body they act to reduce inflammation. There are also “barefoot
     substitutes,” Earthing products you can sleep on, work on, and sit on inside your home or place of  
     work. Think of them as extension cords connecting you in your house or office to the Earth outside. 
Q: Do the products need to go where my pain is? 
A: Because our bodies are highly conductive, if any part of your body is in contact with the earth, or an
     Earthing device, all of your body is grounded. However, we have noticed that having the Earth
     connection near the location of an injury or pain may speed the decrease in inflammation that  
     causes pain. 
Q: I have two stents. Could sleeping grounded do any damage to the stents? 
A: Not any more than sleeping or walking barefoot on the Earth would cause damage. Earthing
     devices simply deliver the subtle energy of the Earth inside to where you live and work. The energy  
     helps restore the natural electrical balance in your body. 
Q: Can Earthing products be used by somebody who has a pacemaker? 
A: There is no evidence that Earthing interferes with the function of a pacemaker. Earthing is the same
     as walking barefoot on the Earth. Many people with pacemakers sleep grounded and experience
     the benefits of their medical device and Earthing. To our knowledge, no one with a pacemaker was
     advised not to walk barefoot outdoors. Just check with your doctor initially and monitor yourself for
     any symptoms. 
Q: Can you use the Earthing products if you have knee and hip replacements? 
A: Yes.
Q: I live in a warm climate where we are reluctant to go out barefoot due to parasites in the soil
     like hookworm and roundworm). The soil never gets cold enough for the parasites to die off. 
A: If being barefoot outside is risky, use the Earthing products inside. The best opportunity to gain the
      many benefits of Earthing is to sleep grounded. 
Q: Can I get too much of the Earth’s energy by sleeping grounded every night? 
A: Throughout most of history we walked barefoot and slept on the ground. We were directly connected 
     to the Earth almost 24/7. That’s what our bodies are used to. The combination of insulative shoes
     and elevated beds has separated us from the natural electric frequencies of the Earth. We believe
     this separation has contributed to the great increase in chronic diseases and inflammation. 
     Our body knows exactly what to do with what the Earth provides for us. When we connect to the  
     Earth the amount of the electrons we absorb is driven by the amount our body needs to balance the
     electrical charge of our body. It is always the perfect amount.
Q: I am one of those electro-sensitive people you write about in the Earthing book. I have started    
     to sleep grounded and the energy feels strange to me. 
A: Electro-sensitive people report feeling strange energy in the beginning and some even say they
     feel ill. The energy they feel when grounded is simply Earth’s natural energy. Once the body  
     equalizes with the Earth this sensation subsides. We regard the sensation generally as part of a
     healing detox process as the body normalizes and inflammation goes down. If the feeling is too
     uncomfortable, try grounding for a few hours during the day and not the whole night. Or starting off
     by spending a half hour twice a day barefoot outside. Then slowly increase your exposure. 
Q. I have battled with insomnia for a long time. I got the Earthing sheet, and during the first week, I
     slept so much better, but then started tossing and turning again.
A. Sleep is so subjective, and the quality is often related to life’s stresses. No matter how grounded
     somebody is, stressful situations can readily impact sleep. Drinking a lot of caffeine or alcohol in the 
     evening could also interfere with sleep. 
Q. Can grounding help stroke patients?
A. No studies have been done to determine this possibility. In a general sense, if you can increase
    circulation and oxygen delivery in the body, you can get an improvement. Earthing research has  
    demonstrated improved circulation and oxygen uptake. 
Q. Can grounding help blood pressure?
A. Again, no specific studies on this have been done. Anecdotally, we have heard from many people
     whose blood pressure numbers have improved, and who have better control of their blood
     pressure, after starting Earthing. Some have been able to lower the dosage of their medication. If
     you take medication and experience better control, you should inform your physician and ask about 
     the possibility of lowering your dosage. 
     Check here for the latest findings on effects on blood pressure
Q. I am not feeling any difference from Earthing. Could it be because I am very healthy already?
A. Most dramatic results are felt by those who are sick and depleted. For healthy folks, we regard
     Earthing as a significant anti-aging strategy. But our investigations support the idea of staying
     grounded not just to feel better, but for prevention and optimum health. 

Initial Effects of Earthing

 Q: Is there a best way to start the indoor Earthing Experience? 

A: The initial reactions vary: some people benefit immediately, some have a couple of disturbed nights. Users often experience better recollection of dreams. There is no clear reason for these differences- it may be just an tuning in to the barefoot contact. It does seem to happen more for users who have spent a lot of time insulated from the earth and less for those who spend time barefoot. 

We suggest (especially if you have compromised) that you spend a couple of days tuning in by using the Earthing item by using it for 60 minutes a couple of hours away from bedtime. 

Q: I started sleeping on an Earthing sheet and noticed that I feel warmer. What’s going on?

A: In our research, contact with the Earth contributes to good circulation and relaxation of the body, including blood vessels. One by-product is more heat in the extremities and throughout the body. We have seen people quickly develop a rosier colour in their skin. Many people have also reported feeling some initial tingling in the extremities. 

Q: I just started sleeping grounded and feel a bit strange. What could that be from?

A: Initially, some people may feel some temporary discomfort or even flu-like signs, pain or achiness. In practically all cases, this experience is fleeting. This effect stems from a normalization of the body’s “electrical system.” As that process gets underway, the body’s ability to release accumulated toxicity may improve and you could feel that as transient discomfort. Typically, after some initial adjustment, those individuals start feeling better and more energized. The feeling might last a few days at the most but it will go away. If you are uncomfortable, stop using the device for several days and then begin again. In the majority of cases, no discomfort is felt at the beginning. 

Q: I purchased a bed sheet and noticed tingling in my feet for the first few nights. Should I be concerned? 

A: Many people feel tingling in the beginning. It’s a sign that the circulation is improving.

Which Product?

Q: Which product is best for me?
A: There are a number of factors. The table summarises this and there are additional notes below this.
    Earthing functions to consider are:
1. Provides electrons: electrons are anti-inflammatory and anti aging (free radical fighters)
2. Restores diurnal cycles: via pineal for sleep and pineal function is also believed to influence other  
   cycles (thyroid-adrenal, hormonal etc.)
3. Secondary- drains AC induced EMF. 
    Usage times also have an influence:
  • Being earthed all the time is the absolute best. 
 • At night time we repair and detoxify- these activities like minimal interference (quiet, dark, minimal EMF influence) and thus benefit from supportive input- like form being earthed. 
• Daytime- most of our lives have stress: this creates free radicals which need electrons to neutralise (like from being Earthed). There are other effects- like eye strain- that seem to benefit from Earthing. We are subject to a voltage on our body- between 1 and 5 volts AC: induced from the electromagnetic field. Earthing immediately dissipates this. The Mat is the most convenient for this, allowing either hand or foot contact.
• Evening time: some users report that they get to sleep more quickly and sleep better after 1-2 hours 
Earthing. The most common device for this is the mat. It seems to calm the system down, probably by 
reducing sympathetic activity.
• Car travel: the car mat and possibly a body band seem to reduce the disruption of travel.

Target Effects

• Sleep: some users report that they get to sleep more quickly and sleep better after 1-2 hours Earthing. 
   The most common device for this is the mat (or feet on the sheet). For night benefits the sheet is best.
• Distributed health issues: the sheet at night; that is when we are most receptive to healing.
• Localised health issue: e.g. wound inflammation. These generally benefit from locally available  
   electrons. Using either Earthing bands or patches provides a direct input. Broader input from the  
   Earthing sheet is beneficial and will provide contact with any area in contact.
Difference in effect from style/contact area
Any size, any contact area will be beneficial. The changes in body voltage and electron flow is the same wherever the contact point is and the same between patches, belts, pads and sheets. The selection is influenced by convenience (the sheet is absolutely the best at night). However local iisues seem to respond faster from local connection.
                                         Primary                               Use Secondary use                      Notes
Bed sheets                    Night time- it is                   - folded up as a wrap around      Can be used as a foot
                                        when we need input         - folded as a foot pad                     pad or a wrap
Earthing Mat                  Daytime and                 Any leisure time. When used on 
                                         preparation for             feet acupuncture point kidney 1 is
                                         sleep.                             a receiver and this seems to
                                                                                 distribute earth’s electrons and
                                                                                 information well.
Earthing Patches         Local input                                                                       At the issue for a specific        
                                                                                                                                   local  On kidney 1 for general 
Earthing Bands         Any broader body           In the car as a body band to
                                    area- ankles, thighs,       drain effects directly to the car 
                                    digestion etc.                    body- which acts like the earth 
Car Pad                      Inductive effectto
                                     reduce accumulated


Q: Can I use the Earthing®mat in bed?
A: Yes: however it may be a bit uncomfortable and you may not have continuous contact with it at        
      night. If used under a sheet the body is not in direct contact with the device: it will require some
      moisture for the direct current of the earth to flow through the fabric into your body. For some        
      people this occurs naturally during the night when moisture from the body creates the necessary              conductivity. It is best, however, to have some bare skin in contact with the device if possible.
Q: Can I use the Earthing® sheet other than on the bed?
A: Yes- the only limit is your imagination! You can rest your feet on it, wrap it around an injury, a sore muscle etc.

Q: I want to try Earthing but can’t afford a sheet.

A: Users report some benefits from using the Earthing mat for 1-2 hours in the evening. It is not the
     same as being earthed at night when the benefits of Earthing are very well received by the body. 
Q: My issue is very local. Which product is best?
A: It can be beneficial to connect local to an issue. The earth’s resource is then applied locally rather
    than being used en route to the issue. Examples of local issues are bruising, inflammation, wounds
    etc. Patches are good for this and the bands for more distributed issues. An example of a distributed
    issue is digestive 
Pluggz Earthing Shoes 

Q. What kind of shoe provides grounding?

A. Only footwear with electrically conductive soles provide Earthing- grounding. There needs to be a conductive route to the skin. While leather is conductive, it has become very difficult to find shoes with leather soles. Plastic and rubber can be made conductive through special formulations, but ordinarily, they are not conductive. The plug in pluggz footwear provides this conductive path.


Q: Do I have to have bare feet?

A: Certain nylons and socks work. Nylons below 60 dernier seem to have enough weave for adequate contact; around 1 square inch is needed. The best kinds of socks are cotton or wool. Moisture from sweat glands in your feet produces perspiration (moisture and ions). Ions allow conduction through the fabric of the socks in to the body. So at last abenefit to sweaty feet! You can also wear conductive silver socks.


Q. What can I ground onto?

A. Any conductive surface. The best are natural earth surface like lawn (grass), sand on the beach or bare earth. There needs to be moisture and minerals: that is what makes the material conductive. Sand in the desert rocks in the Grand Canyon are unlikely to be conductive. Tarmac and concrete in the desert are unlikely to be conductive. Concrete has minerals and usually a small moisture content, and is generally conductive. Bitumen is mainly petrochemical and this is hydrophobic, anti water; it is not made with water nor does it hold it in its structure. However there are cracks in it and water enters these. Where the temperature drops below zero the water freezes and makes more cracks. In the UK we have tested both the road surface, tarmac pavements and blocks of tarmac from road works and found them conductive. Outside tiles may be conductive if they are not glazed.


Q. Can I ground indoors? Does grounding occur if I work, stand, or walk barefooted on a ceramic tile floor?

A. Mud floors work and old fashioned quarry tiles may also work (they are porous). It also depends on whether the tile floor sits on a concrete slab or on the ground. If it sits directly on a slab or ground, the energy could come through. If the tile sits on plywood or some other kind of wood, plastic, or vinyl understructure, you are not likely to get any conductivity. It also depends on what kind of tile. Ceramic tile with a glazed or sealed finish on the surface will, like glass, probably prevent conductivity. Grounding also does not work if standing on carpet or wood floors because these surfaces fully insulate contact directly to the earth.


Q. Can I ground indoors using an earthing mat?

A. Absolutely. You can use pluggz but better slip them off to optimize the contact area. Contact with pluggz is better when there is good body weight on it, like standing and walking.


Q. How can I tell if I am grounded?

A. A body voltage meter will check this.

Q. I have heard of electrostatic discharge (ESD) shoes. Can I ground myself outside by wearing them?

A. ESD shoes are primarily designed for discharging static electricity but to a degree they ground the body beneficially. They are better than regular shoes but not as good as going barefoot or wearing footwear that has grounding construction. The difference between grounding and static discharge is that grounding instantly equalizes your body at earth's potential. Static discharge, generally called a soft ground or a dissipative ground, is designed to slowly bleed off static electrical charges (contact and separation charges).


Q. Why should I buy any grounding shoes when I can simply go barefoot?

A. You are absolutely correct. Barefoot is the natural way to go. This is the way humans evolved. In so-called "developed societies," we wear insulating shoes. However, most people won't regularly go barefoot, if at all. So shoes that help ground people were created to address the issues of comfort, convenience, reality, and practicality.


Q. Can you wear grounding shoes if you have knee and hip replacements?

A. Yes


Q. Is it okay to be grounded in the rain?

A. Rain will not interfere with grounding; it will, in fact, enhance it because water, when mixed with the ions that occur naturally in the earth is very conductive.


Q: What about being grounded in an electrical storm?

A. Grounding presents no greater danger than walking barefoot in the rain during an electrical storm.      But use common sense and don't stay outside anywhere, during an electrical storm.


Grounding and EMF Radiation


Q. Can grounding protect me from cell phones, microwave ovens, or smart meters?

A. Grounding does not block microwave radiation. We are not aware of any data regarding effects on one's sensitivity to microwave radiation. Grounding does not block any form of radiations or any field.


In the Car

Q: Can I ground myself while driving the car? 
A: Yes. The car is two tons of metal. It is a ground plane by itself. Sitting on a conductive auto pad  
     connected by a wire to the metal frame of the car helps eliminate static electricity that builds up on    
     the body. Such static electricity can contribute to fatigue and tension. 
Q. I have read the Earthing book but still don’t understand how the grounding mats can work in a    
     car since the car has rubber tires and is not grounded. Can I really ground myself while driving
     the car? I drive a Prius. Does that change the ability of the mat to ground?
A. In a nutshell, you have a relative grounding plane provided by the metal frame of the car. Any car.
    When you clip the cord ofthe auto mat to the metal frame (such as part of the metal understructure of
    the seat), you capture enough of a grounding effect to help eliminate some fatigue along with
    tension that drivers develop in the shoulders and neck from the buildup of static electricity on the
    body. The fatigue and tension is usually most noticeable when driving long distances, and is, for
    instance, a frequent complaint of long-haul truckers. 
Q. It is hard to find a place to clip the auto mat onto? Any suggestions?
A. Some people have found very little bare metal under the car seat. The metal seems to be all  
     painted. If you can’t find a bare spot, just take a file and file away some of the paint on any metallic
     surface where you can fasten the clip end of the Earthing mat cord. 
Q. Do you have to put a grounding strap on a vehicle in addition to using the grounding mat? I just  
     read an article stating that “there is no point in grounding the body to the metal cage of the
     vehicle if the vehicle itself is not grounded to earth. The radiation will only be radiated back into
     the body. Therefore it is important that the vehicle itself is grounded too!”
A. The use of a grounded seat pad has nothing to do with radiation. Any electrical radiation would exist 
      on the body whether it was touching the vehicle or not. The body itself is a conductor and no
      different than the auto in attracting radiation. Electrically, both are like antennas. The auto seat
      ground pad has to do with reducing static charges continuously being created on the body while
      driving. To determine just how much static charge is reduced when the body is connected to the
      frame of the vehicle via the ground pad, simply add the mass of the metal vehicle and the mass of
      the body together. Then divide by body weight. As an example, if the body is 200 lbs and the auto
      metal 4,000 lbs, you have a total of 4,200 lbs. The body equals 2.1% of the total conductive
      mass.Subtract that from the 100 percent total and you get a reduction of 97.9 percent. According to
      truckers and other drivers mentioned in the Earthing book, they feel better when driving grounded. 
Q. I just began using an Earthing® floor mat at my desk. I noticed that when I work with my laptop 
     computer and have my bare feet grounded on the mat I feel a kind of static electricity friction
     as I move my hands over the computer. If there is any moisture on my hands they sting like a
     pinprick when they touch the laptop. These things don’t happen when I take my feet off of the
     pad! The laptop is connected into the same wall outlet I use to ground the mat. The electric
     feeling as I work with the laptop is not comfortable.
AUngrounded laptops (without a three prong power cord) can generate significant electric fields.
     Some people will feel sensations while they are grounded and working on the computer. If the
     feeling is uncomfortable, we recommend several options: 
    1. Ground the computer!
    2. Don’t ground yourself while using the computer plugged in. 
    3. Ground yourself only when the computer is operating on battery mode.
    4. Place the laptop directly on the Earthing mat to ground the computer.
The Earthing sheets are 50/50 cotton polyester or 100% cotton. Full organic cotton sheets are not currently possibly because of the difficulty of weaving this material.
The Earthing mats and Car mats are pure organic rubber with carbon added.
The cables are ~2 mm diameter (like a small telephone cable) and the wire is very resilient stainless steel. The small size means the cables are unobtrusive and can generally be fed via the lower hinge corner of a window,
We stock ½ sheets: these go either across the bed (for double and single) or length wise for one person (on a double of single bed). The ½ sheet placed across enables either leg/four contact which is quite adequate: in fact our tests show that a 1” x 1” patch is as effective as a sheet (but a lot less practicable!) 
Fitted Earthing® sheet sizes
Style Width Legnth Notes US Size
UKsingle 39"(100cm) 75" (190.5cm) Fits up to 39"x75" & 36" bed USA twin
UK Double 54"(137cm) 72" (182cm) Sheet legnth 75" (190.5cm) USA full
UK King 60" 152cm) 76" (193.04cm) Sheet legnth 80"(203.2cm) USA Queen
UK Super King 76" (182cm) 80" (203.2cm) Sheet legnth 80"(203.2cm) USA King
California King 72" (183cm) 84" (213.36cm)   Cal King
Q: How long will an Earthing® sheet last before it wears out? 

A: Sheets made with cotton, polyester, and conductive silver fiber have withstood rigorous testing      conducted by an independent testing lab. After 100 wash/dry cycles, the conductive silver fibres show virtually no breakage or wear. When cared for properly, your sheet should last as long as any good quality bed sheet. 

Q: Are the sheet threads really silver? Why?

A: Any metallic material will conduct the flow of electrons. Earthing devices typically use carbon or silver as the conductive agent. Silver is highly conductive and very strong, allowing it to hold up well with frequent use and washings. Moreover, it is inherently anti-microbial. 

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Laundering and Cleaning:

Q: Is the Earthing sheet washable? What about care and cleaning?

A: Your sheet may be laundered just as you would wash other bedding, using a gentle wash cycle and a mild detergent. Low heat drying is recommended. However, NO chlorine bleach or fabric softener should be used. When necessary, use a hydrogen peroxide-based non-bleach to remove stains and/or to whiten your sheet.

Q: How do you clean an Earthing mat?

A: Mats can be cleaned with ordinary dish soap and water. 

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Product Connections

Earthing Rod
Universal Option
Earthing rod connection
Mains Options Connection into the earthing 
socket of the house mains. 
Connections are available for 
UK, Europe, Switzerland
(special adapter) and other 
countries by request.
Dual Option E’rod and mains, to facilitate use in different circumstances.
Q: How do I install a mains connection?
A: The sheet is supplied with a 12 ft cable and a white (UK) or black (EU) mains connect plug. The
      plug accepts the 4 mm Earthing connection (don’t try too fit it to other connections which are a quite
      different shape!). Connect to the sheet, run the cable, plug into the mains earth adapter, plug the
      adapter into the wall. The power can be on or off: it does not matter in principle. However we
      suggest switched off.
Q: How do I install an Earthing rod system?
A: There are two connection cables: a 12 ft one that connects to the sheet and a 40 ft one that        
      connects to the Earthing rod. It is good to make the connection between the two indoors. Connect
      the 12 ft cable to the sheet and run to near the window. Open the window and feed the rod cable
      through the bottom corner of the window on the hinge side. The cable is small (2 m diameter) and
      has very robust stainless wiring inside (it is plastic coated on the outside. It will not be damaged by
      a closed window. The small cable diameter means that most windows will close without damage to
      the cable or window. Most windows have a plastic sealing surround that moulds around the cable.  
      Insert the 3 mm diameter (1 foot long) rod into the earth (plant pots don’t work!). If your area is  
     paved   then you can either poke the rod down through the mortar or drill la small hole for the rod to      
     go through- it just needs some part to be in contact with continuous earth.
Q: Do Earthing products run on electricity?
A: No. They simply pick up the Earth’s energy through the ground port of a properly grounded outlet or
     from a ground rod placed directly in the Earth and deliver it via a cord to the conductive Earthing
     pad, mat, sheet, or band specially designed for human grounding. When your body comes in
     contact with the Earthing product you absorb the Earth’s energy. Earthing products are like “barefoot
     substitutes,” enabling you to receive inside your home or office the outside energy of the Earth. 
Q: Is the E’rod better than the earth mains connection
A: Both systems work for most users. Our HRV tests (Heat Rate Variability and quite sensitive) have
     not shown a difference between the two methods; however we have a very clean mains supply. The 
    feedback from most users is that the mains system works. We do have a few comments:
1. The E’rod is the closest to walking barefoot; it is the closest equivalent. It may seem inconvenient but  
      in reality is not difficult to install. The cable is the size of small telephone cable,
2. If you are health compromised (electro-sensitive, significant CFS) the E’rod is recommended.
3. The earth cable can pick up electrical patterns (induced EMF). This is more likely if electrical items  
     are cutting in and out. We suggest that the power circuit to the bedroom is switchedoff at the fuse      
     box/consumer unit at night.
Q: How do I know if I need a ground rod or a plug in connection for my Earthing device? 
A: The testing device supplied with Earthing products for mains use is supplied with a tester. This
      shows that there is an earth connection present. It is available separately to check in advance. If
      your house is not properly earthed then we strongly suggest corrective action is undertaken. Most  
      modern homes have a functional electrical ground system that interfaces with the Earthing plug in
      device. If your home was built before the 1960s and has not been electrically re-wired, you may
      require a ground rod or professional installation of a dedicated grounding connection to the Earth. If
      you are unsure, have an electrician check your home for the presence of a functional ground
      system or use a commercially available outlet checker.

Q: Is it OK to use the United States style Earthing plug in countries with 230 volt electrical systems if I use an adaptor, converter or transformer? 

A: No! Ground rods and dedicated grounding systems can be used safely internationally. Electrical
     systems vary greatly worldwide. Earthing plugs designed especially for specific countries are  
Q: If I place a ground rod in the earth outdoors is it OK if it gets rained on?
A: Totally OK. The presence of moisture increases the flow of electrons from the Earth. That’s why it’s  
     great to stand or walk barefoot in damp grass or in the surf or wet sand at the beach. If you live in a  
     very dry climate and are using a ground rod, you will want to place it in the earth where there is
     some moisture. You can even water the ground rod every week or so
Q: I live in an old apartment building that does not have grounded electrical outlets and I can not put a wire outside to the Earth. What can I do? 
A: As the benefits of Earthing become more widely recognized, solutions such as retrofitting older
     buildings with dedicated grounding systems, and adding them to plans for new buildings will come
     about. Meanwhile, try to spend some barefoot time in nature if possible, and consider using an
     Earthing device at the office and when you travel.


Q: Are there some countries that may not be suitable for mains Earthing?
A: In some countries only one circuit is earthed in houses and in hotels. The appropriate connection
     point can be assessed using the tester. In a few the supply is split e.g. Norway where both live and
     neutral may carry half the voltage (115 volts each) and thus there can be a significant leak back into
     the earth line. In these circumstances additional tests are needed
Q: How is an Earthing product connected to the mains?
A: The cable supplied will fit either the E’rod system or the mains. In the USA the cable plugs directly
      into the earth socket. For UK/Europe special adapters accept the connection and the plug directly
      into the mains socket. In all cases it is not possible to connect into a live or neutral part of the mains  
Q: Can I convert between the systems?
A: Yes. The sheet and cable end are suitable for both connection systems. It is just the E’rod or mains  
     connector that needs changing
Q: Can I have both Earthing rod and mains connection systems?
A: Yes. The sheet and cable end are suitable for both connection systems. It is just the E’rod or mains  
      connector that needs changing. However there is no benefit in using both together
Q: I travel to different countries- what connections do I need?
A: The Earthing rod is universal. For other countries connections can be supplied on request. Mains
     connections and testers are stocked for UK, Europe, Switzerland, USA.
Q: Once the Earthing product is plugged into a grounded outlet should I always leave it plugged in? 
A: Yes. For cleaning and washing purposes, you simply unsnap the cord from the product. There is no
      need to remove the plug-in end of the cord from the outlet unless you want to use the product
Q: Are all the outlets in my home grounded if one of them is grounded? 
A: This varies with the country. All kitchens and bathrooms must have grounded outlets but the
      bedrooms and other rooms in the house do not necessarily have a grounded outlet even if they
      have a three prong outlet. You must test any individual outlet for a proper ground if you plan to use
      it for an Earthing device. 
Q. Can you connect an Earthing sheet to the electric outlet on a cruise ship?
A. You may want to check with the cruise company first. It is likely that a cruise ship would be well    
     grounded and the use of in-cabin outlet grounds should work well.
Q. I live on a house boat. Can I use the outlets to ground myself?
A. As long as the boat is connected to a shore power, an electrical outlet ground would be fine. When
     a boat is not connected to shore power and running on a generator, the outlets may not be
     grounded and you would have to ask the manufacturer. If your boat is in ocean (salt) water, you can
     connect your Earthing device to a ground rod and dangle it over the side into the water. Sea water
     makes a good ground.

Product Testing

Q: How do I test my mains for an earth?
A: Mains testers are available for USA, UK, Europe.
Q: How do I test my Earthing Product?
A: The Earthing Connection Tester checks the conductivity of your Earthing product and ground cords
     to determine that they are conductive and in good working condition. You simply connect the tester
     to the ground port of a properly grounded wall outlet and place it directly on your Earthing product. A
     green light will confirm that your product and wire are in good working order.
    A body voltage meter will test if you are grounded.
Q: How do I test the quality of my mains earth?
A: This needs the services of a competent electrician.

Product Safety

Q: Is there any sensitive material used in the products?
A: Some users may have sensitivity to perfumes and other materials.
     Earthing Sheet and Recovery Bag Material: the cotton is the same cotton and finishing process
     used by all mills in the US that produce cotton/poly sheets. "All" cotton has to go through many
     bleaching and chemical processes during the manufacturing process in order to make it weavable
     (organic or not). No additional perfumes or colours are added. In case of special care being needed
     then please pre-launder as you would other fabrics. 
     The Earthing pads are made of pure organic rubber with carbon added. There may be a slight
     odour which can be addressed if necessary by washing with appropriate detergent in warm water
     and leaving outside in sunshine for a few days.
Q: Can I become electrocuted by an Earthing product? 
A: No. Earthing yourself by sleeping, working, or sitting grounded indoors has no relationship with
     electrocution. When you plug in the cord of an Earthing sheet or mat into an electrical outlet, the
     plug, cord, and product are designed to only conduct the ground energy, from the ground port in the
     outlet, to your device. It does not conduct the electrical power that operates your lights and
     appliances in the house. 
Q: Do I have to be concerned about being hit by lightning during a thunderstorm if I am grounded in
     my home? 
A: Lightning is a massive natural phenomenon that is unpredictable and challenging to totally protect
     against. It is poorly understood. Homes are rarely hit by lightning. When this does occur, the  
     lightning usually takes the path of least resistance to the ground, such as large conductive systems      
     like the plumbing pipes, electrical wiring network, or telephone and cable TV lines, all of which are
     directly grounded to the Earth. 
     The National Safety Council reports that the odds of dying from a lightning strike in one year are 1 in
     6 million ( To put this in perspective, the chance of being hit and
     killed by an automobile as a pedestrian in the same period is 1 in fifty thousand—a risk 120 times
     greater. What these statistics suggest is that being hit by lightning is rather unlikely. However, follow
     standard lightning safety guidelines as directed by National Weather Service
     ( if you live in a lightning-prone area. Disconnect your Earthing
     device and don’t use it during lightning and thunderstorms. 
Q: My husband told me that if there is a short anywhere in our home electrical system, all the
     electricity would flow through the ground wire into the ground and the bed would be connected
     to that wire. Would we be electrocuted in that case? 
A: Not at all. If there is a short to the ground it would immediately trip all of the breakers on that circuit. 
     Furthermore, the ground cords on authorized Earthing products have a built-in safety feature that
     prevents current from flowing through. 
Q: In your book you mention that results were not as good with products which incorporated a 1
     megohm resistor in the line. 
A: Your comment refers to grounding devices used to reduce or eliminate the risk of electrostatic
     discharge (ESD). Our testing of those systems failed to totally reproduce the same effects as a
     direct Earthing ground system. All ESD ground cords contain a 1 megohm. A 1 megohm resistor
     allows 60hz EMF induced body voltage to drop by 90 percent. Earthing products have a built-in
     100K ohm resistor in all ground cords for safety and allows 60hz EMF induced body voltage to drop
     by 99 percent. The objective of Earthing the body is to replicate standing barefoot on the Earth and
     equalizing the potential of the body with the potential of the Earth. This occurs both with either a 1
     megohm or a 100K resistor, the difference being a fraction of a second slower with the bigger
     resistor. Bringing and holding the body at Earth’s potential restores the body’s natural electrical
     state. This is the key factor regarding inflammation reduction. Reducing EMF induced body voltages
     is more beneficial to the autonomic nervous system and to sleep. 
Q: How exactly is a person protected from a ground fault in a device they are using while in
     contact with an Earthing a mat or sheet, if the device is powered via a non-grounded power
     source, like a two-pronged outlet in an older house? It seems to me that the only protection one
     would have in this situation is the breaker protecting the circuit feeding the faulty device. Is
     there a safety risk of being in contact with an Earthing system specifically while using
     electrical or electronic devices? 
A: Earthing products are designed with built-in user safety. First, an electrical outlet tester is supplied
     with each product to verify that an outlet is properly wired and that the outlet has a working ground.
     The product ground cords are designed to provide a safe soft ground utilizing a built-in (moulded in)
     in-line current limiting 100 kohm resistor. In the event that a short develops in an electrical device
     that a person is in contact with while grounded the built-in resistor limits the current flow to a safe
     level. The accepted safe current limit of 5-8 mA is defined as “sensation of shock not painful;
     individuals can let go at will.” The human body threshold of sensation is 1 mA: The electrical
     calculation iscurrent=volts/resistance (I=V/R). R = R resistor + R body. Typical body resistance is
    10k when wet and much higher when dry. However, to be conservative, using R body=0, R res=100
     kohm, V=130 volts; then maximum current I=130 volts/100,000 ohm=1.3 mA; well below the
     accepted safety limit of 5-8 mA and most likely barely perceptible.

Usage approaches and optimising the connection

Q: Can I wear clothing or put a bed sheet over the Earthing device? 
A: If your body is not in direct contact with the device, it will require some moisture for the direct current  
     of the earth to flow through the fabric into your body. For some people this occurs naturally during
     the night when moisture from the body creates the necessary conductivity. It is best, however, to
     have some bare skin in contact with the device if possible. 
Q: Can I wear socks when using an Earthing mat on the floor? 
A: Yes, but direct skin contact is best. Feet naturally sweat and will hydrate socks, making the socks  
     somewhat conductive. 
Q: I like to wear socks to bed. Do my bare feet have to touch the Earthing bed sheet? 
A: Since our feet are the most electrically conductive part of our body it is best to have your bare feet in
     contact with the grounded sheet. However, if you must wear socks, try to have some skin—bare legs
     or any other body part—touch the Earthing mat or sheet. You can place the Earthing product in your
     bed wherever it is most comfortable and effective for you. If you wear socks to bed because of cold
     feet, you will often find that your feet warm up naturally from improved circulation when you sleep
Q: Is it okay to use an Earthing sleeping product along with an electric blanket or on an electrically heated mattress pad or waterbed? 
A: There is nothing wrong with using an Earthing sleep product with any electrical devices as long as
     those devices are in good working order. These should be switched off at night when sleeping if at  
     all possible: it minimises the electrosmog that is produced.
Q: How are the Earthing sheets different from an electric blanket? 
A:Earthing sheets do not heat up as does an electric blanket. They only conduct the subtle energy  
    from the ground. They do not conduct the electrical energy that flows in the electrical system of your
    house and powers your lights and appliances. If you want to know about safety issues related to the  
    use of electric blankets, visit the following website:
    There are no additional safety issues regarding the use of an electric blanket when sleeping
    grounded. The Earthing device cords contain a current limiting resistor that prevent any harmful
    effect should an electrical event such as a short develop in an electric blanket. 
Q: Can I plug the Earthing product into a surge protector or extension cord? 
A: Yes, as long as they have an existing ground port (for the third prong) which will connect with the
      grounding system in the home or office. 
Q: Can you use an Earthing sleep system over a mattress pad that has magnets embedded in it? 
A: There is no problem with using an Earthing sheet over a magnetic mattress pad. The magnets in the
     magnetic mattress pad produce a static magnetic field that would naturally go through and extend
     beyond the surface of the Earthing sheet similar to the way it passes through a regular sheet. 
Q: My dog sleeps in my bed with me and sits at my feet when I am at my desk. Is it safe for him to  
     touch the Earthing product? 
A: Yes. Animals naturally want to spend time in contact with the Earth. Most indoor pets share our
      lifestyle causing them to be separated from direct contact with the Earth. People report that pets
      indoors are attracted to grounding sheets and mats. 
Q: We sleep on a futon. Can I put the Earthing mat under the bottom all cotton sheet we use? What
      with all this new barefoot walking our feet are not always as pristine clean as they were before. 
A: The mat will be of lesser value to you if you put it under your bottom sheet. You must have skin  
      contact for grounding to work. The grounding mats or sheets are washable.
Q: I work and sleep grounded. My dog sleeps in my bed with me and sits at my feet when I am at
     my desk. Is it safe for him to touch my Earthing devices? 
A: Yes. Yes it’s natural for animals to want to spend time in contact with the Earth. Indoor pets share
      our lifestyle causing them to be separated from direct contact with the Earth. People report their
      pets seek out the grounding device when they are stuck indoors.

Earthing® and E’smog Protection

Q: Can Earthing protect me from cell phone frequencies? 
A: The protective potential of Earthing has not been tested yet on cell phone exposure. There is no
     research indicating that Earthing will or will not protect a person from exposure to cell phones
     signals, microwave radiation, or radio frequencies. What we know is that Earthing reduces
     significantly theinduced body voltages generated by simple exposure to common household 60 Hz    
     EMFs continuously emitted by all plugged-in electrical cords (even if the appliance is off), internal
     wiring, and all ungrounded electrical devices in the home or office. Based in the cases we have    
     seen of people extremely sensitive to such EMFs it is prudent to be grounded as much as possible in the home or office. 
Q: Can Earthing protect me from household low voltage EMF’s
A: Yes. Induced EMF’s of 1-5 volts AC drop to virtually zero. This has just got to be good! 

How are Earthing® devices different from other approaches?

Q: I have used various devices that simulate the frequencies of the Earth. How is this different? 
A: There are many effective therapeutic devices available that use a variety of frequencies. Earthing
      products simply conduct the actual frequencies of the Earth to your body without any simulation and
      serve as extension cords from the Earth to you. The signal they carry includes all of the subtleties
      inherent in nature that our bodies have attuned to over millions of years. Earthing is totally natural. 
Q: What is the difference between the Earthing technology and the use of magnets? 
A: Although the use of magnets produce some therapeutic effects when properly applied, magnets
     cannot provide free electrons, nor can they connect the body with the naturally balancing electric  
     frequencies of the Earth. The patented Earthing Connection technology is the only way, without
     standing directly on the Earth, to connect with the Earth’s electrons.

Other approaches to Earthing®

Q: I would like to know if sleeping on the ground in a sleeping bag works. 
A: If you sleep in a sleeping bag, some part of your body needs to be in direct contact with the Earth in
     order for you to get the full benefit of Earthing. As we say, the skin of your body needs to come in
     contact with the "skin of the Earth." It can be a bare foot, or arm, for instance, sticking out of the
     sleeping bag in contact with the Earth.
Q: Can you wear any type of footwear and still be earthed? 
A: No. Standard plastic/rubber or composite soles do not conduct the Earth’s electric energy. Most
     shoes today are made from those materials. You need leather or hide soles, which used to be the
     primary footwear materials in the past. The foot perspires and the moisture conducts the energy
     from the Earth through the leather and up into the body. Leather isn’t quite as good as bare feet on  
     the ground but certainly much, much better than standard soles that are insulating. Hopefully soon
     shoe companies will begin making grounded shoes. 
Q: Would it be considered Earthing to plug something into the ground port of a wall electrical
      outlet, for instance, a wire and wrap it around your ankle or wrist? 
A: Don’t do it! Unless you are an electrician or an electrical engineer, it is highly recommended not to 
     “experiment” with plugging “something” into a wall electrical outlet. First and foremost, it is unsafe to    
     plug a bare wire into an electrical ground in any case. An outlet should always be checked to see if  
     it is properly grounded. All the authorized Earthing products are specifically designed for safe,
     biological grounding of people. They have built-in resistors that limit the flow of current in order to
     prevent the unlikely possibility that electricity would flow through the connecting wire and possibly  
     hurt someone. They allow the Earth’s natural energy to come through but not any potentially harmful
     electricity. In this respect, the resistor acts like a “kink” in a hose. Earthing products for personal
     grounding have built-in protection similar to the systems utilized in industry throughout the world to  
     prevent electricity and static from damaging sensitive electronic parts. 
Q: I live in Chicago and my cement basement floor is cold, so I am reluctant to ground myself bare
     foot on that surface. Could I get grounded there by using an un-insulated metal container, filled  
     with warm water and still get the same results? 
A: Yes. That should work. 
Q: Does Earthing occur if you work, stand, or walk on a ceramic tile floor? 
A: It depends on whether the tile floor sits on a concrete slab or on the ground. If so, the energy could
     come through. If the tile sits on plywood or some other kind of wood, plastic, or vinyl understructure,
     you are not likely to get any conductivity. Also depends on what kind of tile. Ceramic tile with a
     glazed finish on the surface will, like glass, probably prevent the Earth’s energy from coming \
Q: Can you ground yourself outside by wearing electrostatic discharge (ESD) footwear when
      walking outside on the Earth? 
A: ESD shoes are primarily designed for discharging static electricity but to a degree they ground the
     body beneficially. Better then regular shoes but not as good as going barefoot. The difference
     between grounding and static discharge is that grounding instantly puts your body at Earth’s  
     potential. Static discharge, generally called a soft ground or a dissipative ground, has an inline 1
     meg ohm resistor in the ground cord which is design to slowly bleed off static electrical charges
    (contact and separation charges). These charges are created on the body by clothing and shoes
     whenever you move your clothing with arm movement or walk or sit on any synthetic material. The    
     ESD industry uses dissipative grounding to prevent a rapid discharge of static electricity that     
     might otherwise blow an electronic circuit or sensitive chip.
Q: I live in a 20-story concrete apartment. Would you think that connecting to the outside concrete
     wall, which I believe goes all the way down to the foundation without a break or any wood in      
     between, would give a similar effect to standing on the concrete basement floor? 
A: Connecting a grounding device to the outside concrete wall of your apartment would provide some
     degree of Earthing conductivity but it would be significantly less than standing on concrete situated
     directly on the Earth. The reason: concrete high in the air would be more dry and less conductive
     whereas concrete directly on the Earth maintains a much higher moisture content. The best way to  
     access the Earth’s energy in your apartment would be with the use of the electrical ground (third
     hole in power outlets), assuming the building has a proper electrical grounding system throughout.



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